What Are the 4 Types of Intellectual Property?

Intellectual Property Infringement Attorney

Symbols, names, and pictures used in business are all examples of intellectual property (IP), which is a legal term for the rights that safeguard these products of the mind. Intellectual property’s major goal is to give creators a framework to safeguard their work and to encourage them to keep making new things.

Types of Intellectual Property

Talking about main types of intellectual property, you can classify it in four categories which are as under:

  1. Patents
  2. Trademarks
  3. Copyrights
  4. Trade Secrets

We will learn about all four of them in brief now.

1. Patents

Governmental legal protections known as patents provide creators the only authority to produce, use, and market their creation for a set amount of time. In general, patents are awarded for novel, innovative, and non-obvious discoveries or inventions.

A patent grants an inventor the sole authority to create, utilize, and commercialize their creation for a specific amount of time. By giving innovators a legal means to safeguard their investment, this protection not only enables them to profit from their inventions but also promotes creativity.

There are other kinds of patents, such as utility patents, which defend brand-new discoveries or discoveries with practical applications, and design patents, which defend the aesthetic appeal of functional objects. Innovation must be brand-new, practical, and non-obvious in order to be given a patent. Typically, 20 years after the date of application, a patent is protected.

To secure a patent, an inventor must submit a patent application to the relevant government body outlining their invention’s uniqueness, utility, and non-obviousness. A patent examiner reviews the application and evaluates if the design satisfies the requirements for patentability.

2. Trademarks

Trademarks serve to identify and differentiate the source of products and services using words, phrases, symbols, or designs. They offer legal protection to stop others from using a mark that is confusingly similar and could mislead consumers.

A person or company must submit a trademark application to the relevant government body, which must include a description of the mark as well as the goods or services it will be used to distinguish. An examiner examines the application and decides if the mark is sufficiently unique to be registered.

Once a trademark is registered, the owner has the only right to use it in connection with the registered products or services, and they are also able to stop others from employing a confusingly similar mark.

3. Copyrights

Books, music, software, and other original works of authorship are all protected by copyrights. For a set amount of time, they provide the owner the only authority to copy, distribute, and exhibit their creation.

When a work is created, copyright protection automatically exists and can be enhanced by registering the work with the relevant government agency. Depending on the nation, copyright protection normally lasts for the author’s lifetime and a specific number of years following their passing.

4. Trade Secrets

Trade secrets are proprietary knowledge that gives companies a competitive edge. Trade secrets include things like client lists, production techniques, and chemical formulations. Trade secrets are secured by contracts and other legal means rather than being registered with the government way patents, trademarks, and copyrights are.

Trade secrets are secured by contracts and other legal mechanisms, as opposed to patents, trademarks, and copyrights, which are all registered with the government.

A company must take appropriate steps to maintain the information’s confidentiality and stop unlawful access or usage in order to preserve a trade secret. Trade secret protection offers a competitive advantage and is valid for as long as the knowledge is kept a secret.

How Intellectual Property Infringement Attorney can be helpful?

A lawyer who focuses on cases involving the illegal use of someone else’s intellectual property is known as an Intellectual Property Infringement Attorney. Intellectual property encompasses works of art, literary and creative productions, logos, names, pictures, and designs, among other things.

By upholding the rules governing copyright, patent, and trademark infringement, Intellectual Property Infringement Attorneys assist their clients in protecting their intellectual property rights. They can bargain agreements and offer guidance on how to preserve intellectual property in addition to representing people or companies in court. Also, they might help with intellectual property rights licencing and registration.


A priceless resource that is essential to contemporary enterprises and society is intellectual property. Intellectual property covers a variety of mental inventions, including trade secrets, patents, trademarks, and copyrights. To secure the owner’s rights, each of these categories of intellectual property needs a particular set of legal safeguards.

Intellectual property must be protected more than ever in the fast changing digital environment of today. Individuals and companies may take the required actions to protect their priceless intellectual property rights and guarantee their long-term success by collaborating with an Intellectual Property Infringement Lawyer.

Also Read: What is the Arizona Employee Protection Law? 

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